Istanbul is one of the most significant cities in the world history as it hosted numerous civilizations throughout centuries. All of these civilizations have contributed to the melting pot that is now Istanbul. Of course, such a multicultural city has made its mark on those who crossed paths with itself. Let’s check out the different names given to Istanbul in several languages and cultures. You may be amazed at the variety!
The city of Constantinople was named after the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great. Having been the capital city of the Roman and the Latin Empires for more than 1,100 years, Constantinople became the capital of the Ottoman Empire upon its conquest by Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror in 1453.
Stanpolis or Stanpoli means “The only city” or “Towards the city” in Romaic. This name is said to be the origin of the city’s current name, Istanbul.
In his dialogue “The Republic”, Plato uses the name Kallipolis to describe his utopia. Kallipolis, which means “Ideal city”, is one of the many names given to Istanbul.
Meaning “Big and golden city” in the Viking languge, the name Mikligarður was rightfully given to Istanbul since it was one of the two biggest cities in the world at the time.
The origin of Istanbul can be traced down to Byzantion, an ancient city located in what is now Istanbul in the 7th century B.C. The name Byzantion is later turned into Byzantium by the Romans in an attempt to latinize it in the 1st century A.D.
Istifanya is the name of Istanbul in Dutch.
In Albanian, Istanbul is called Stambolli.
In Hungarian language, it is called Isztambul.
The Latvian name of Istanbul is Stambula.
Meaning “Big city”, Megali Polis is one of the several names given to Istanbul in Romaic.
Nova Roma is a temporary name given to Istanbul in 330 A.D. when the Roman Emperor Constantine I made it the capital city of the Roman Empire.
Stambulas is the name of Istanbul in Lithuanian.
Frequent visitors of Istanbul, the Japanese people call Istanbul Istanbuuru.
Stimbol, Vizant, Eskomboli
There are numerous names given to Istanbul in Armenian language since Armenians are one of the largest ethnic minorities living in Istanbul. Stimbol, Vizant and Eskomboli are just three of these names.
In Assyrian language, Istanbul is called Yankovice.
The Arabic name of Istanbul is El-mahsura.
The name of Istanbul is Vizantion in Greek.
Meaning “The threshold of the state”, Asitane is the Farsi name of Istanbul.
In Polish, Istanbul is called Kanatorya.
Eis Tin Poli
Eis Tin Poli means “Towards the city” in ancient Greek. It was the name given to Istanbul at the time.
Estambul is the Spanish name of Istanbul.
Another name of Istanbul, Tsarigrad means “The city of the Czar” in Serbian language.
Istanbul is called Grandorya in African language.
Antoninya, Alma Roma
They are the Latin names of Istanbul.
The Icelandic name of Istanbul is Tyrkjagardur.
Istanbul is called Aliyana in Czech language.
Just like Tsarigrad in Serbian language, Carigrad also means “The city of the Czar” in Slovenian.
Mahrusa-i Konstantiniyye is one of the many names given to Istanbul during the Seljuq Empire.
Another temporary name, Augusta Antonina was the name given to Istanbul by the Roman Emperor Septimus Severus in the 3rd century.
Dersaadet, Deraliyye, Mahrusa-i Saltanat, Darü’s-saltanat-ı Aliyye, Asitane-i Aliyye, Darü’l-Hilafetü’l Aliye, Payitaht-ı Saltanat, Dergah-ı Mualla, Südde-i Saadet
These names are among the several ones given to Istanbul, the capital city of the Ottoman Empire between the years 1453 and 1923.