Aiming at an investment of 350 billion USD in Turkey by the year 2023, the government will dedicate the largest sum, 45 billion USD, from the budget to the railways.
A new railway line to reach 14 thousand 975 km
25 billion 964 million TRY has been invested in the railways in the last decade and a new high speed train network of 10 thousand km as well as a new conventional line of 4 thousand km will be built by the year 2023. Planning to have ‘rapid’ transportation to many cities in Anatolia in the year 2023, the Ministry of Transportation aims to construct a new railway line of 14 thousand 975 km consisting of a speed train line of 9 thousand 978 km and a conventional line of 4 thousand 997 km in the 100th anniversary of the foundation of the Republic of Turkey. The railway network that is currently 11-thousand-km-long will be doubled in 12 years. The share of the double lines will rise from 9% to 50%. The share of the electrical line that is 26 per cent will rise to 60 per cent.
When the targets are achieved in the year 2015, high speed train will pass through 29 cities including cities like İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir, Sivas, Bursa as well as Yozgat, Trabzon, Diyarbakır, Malatya. As the operation of high speed trains between Ankara and Eskişehir has started, Turkey reached the position of being the 8th country in the world and 6th country in Europe in terms of the operation of high-speed trains. The Ankara-Istanbul High Speed Railway as well as Marmaray, the world’s second largest underwater railway project with an investment volume of 5 billion USD will also be brought into service on 29, October, 2013. The construction of Ankara-İzmir, Ankara-Bursa, Ankara-Sivas-Erzincan lines is also underway.
Speed Trains in the World
Speed trains are currently used in European countries such as France, Belgium, the UK, Germany, Spain and Italy in addition to Japan, China and South Korea. The construction of speed train lines in the Netherlands and Switzerland is on-going. Japan is the country with the highest concentration of passengers. Japan is followed by France. The speed trains enable the distance between London and Paris to be covered in 2 hours and 15 minutes and the distance between London and Brussels in only 1 hour and 51 minutes.