3 storey tunnel awaits HPC
A decision is being awaited from the High Planning Council (HPC) for the 3 Storey Tunnel Project to be built in Istanbul with a Build – Operate – Transfer (BOT) model. It is calculated that 6.5 million people will use the tunnel, which has been designed with three levels covering both road and metro transport in one tunnel on a daily basis. The tunnel underneath the Bosphorus in Istanbul will be the first of its kind in the world, avoiding the need to build two separate tunnels. Following the decision of the council, the project will be able to be put out to tender with the BOT model. The diameter of the three storey tunnel section within the project is 16.8 meters, while its depth below the surface of the sea is 110 meters, the depth of the water in the area it passes is between 60-65 meters, and the length of the three storey section where the metro and highway are jointly located will be 6.5 kilometers.
Transit harbor base
The building of three large harbors on the three large seas in order to ensure that large scale harbors are established on the shores and allow Turkey to become a transit harbor base in the region is on the agenda. It is planned that the traffic burden on the Gulf and Bosphorus bridges be reduced by building a minimum of two Ro-Ro terminals on the North – South axis of the Sea of Marmara. Measures will also be taken to transform the Istanbul harbor into the main passenger interchange harbor of the cruise ships.
On the other hand, the Mersin Container Harbor will serve as the main harbor allowing Turkey, the Turkish Republics in Central Asia and the other states in the region to open to the Mediterranean. With the decision dated 25 August 2010 and numbered 1970, of the Ministry for the Environment and Forestry, a ‘Positive Environmental Impact Assessment’ decision was made in respect of the project. The 1/1000 Applied Zoning Plan studies are being continued. The final total capacity will be 12.8 million TE-U/year.
Mecidiyeköy – Mahmutbey metro project
The Levent – Hisarüstü line in Istanbul was opened on 19 April 2015. The line between Sanayi – Seyrantepe, for which the provisional acceptance was made on 10 September 2015, began to serve passengers on 11 September 2015. On the other hand, the Üsküdar – Ümraniye – Dudullu, Kartal – Kaynarca, and Kabataş – Mecidiyeköy – Mahmutbey projects are being continued by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality.
Regulations for Canal Istanbul
Canal Istanbul, the project presented as the crazy project by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, while he was still Prime Minister, is also on the agenda of the government. The legal regulations will be put in place for the project by 21 June 2016. The hurdles preventing the project from being brought to life with the BOT model will be surpassed with the restructuring made in the relevant laws. The work will be undertaken by the Ministry of the Environment and Urbanization, the Ministry for Development and the Undersecretariat of the Treasury.
Railway system projects
Investments in the railway system will continue at pace, primarily in Istanbul. These investments include the Tandoğan – Keçiören railway system project and the AKM – Gar (Main Station) – Kızılay railway system project in Ankara. Bids were received for the electro-mechanic systems for the Ankara Tandoğan – Keçiören railway system line on 17 December 2015. It is aimed that the Tandoğan – Keçiören line will be opened in 2016. In the AKM – Gar – Kızılay project, the Keçiören metro will be connected to Kızılay and the YHT (high speed train) Station with a line which will be 3.5 kilometers long consisting of three stations. An application will be made to the Ministry for Development once the protocol work with the Ankara Metropolitan Municipality has been completed. On the other hand, the Bakırköy-Kirazlı, Kaynarca-Sabiha Gökçen railway system investment is 8.9 kilometers in length and consists of eight stations. The contract for the metro line was signed on 3 March 2015, and the locations were handed over and work began on 13 March 2015. The work is scheduled to be completed on 15 June 2018.
Antalya airport – EXPO
With a project which is planned to be integrated in the existing 1st phase Tramway Line, Antalya city center will be connected to Antalya Airport, which receives the 2nd highest passenger traffic in Turkey and the 14th highest in Europe, expected to receive 8 million visitors for EXPO 2016 in an uninterrupted manner. Work began with the locations being handed over on 17 September 2014, while the term of the agreement was determined as 450 days. It is planned that the line will be ready in time for the opening of the EXPO on 23 April 2016.
198 projects, 48 billion dollars of investment
According to the data of the Ministry for Development, the amount of investment in the public private partnership (PPP) projects over the years has reached 47 billion 967 million 495 thousand dollars, while the number of projects has reached 198. The project size of the total project amount has been determined as 115 billion 424 million dollars. According to the data of the Ministry for Development, covering the period between 1986–2015, public – private partnerships were mostly implemented in airport and highway projects in Turkey. These sectors were followed by medical facilities and energy generation plants. In PPP investments between the years 1986-2015, investment in airports has reached 11 billion 605 million dollars, investment in medical facilities has reached 9 billion 870 million dollars, and investment in energy generation plants has reached 6 billion 867 million dollars. When the amount of investment over the years is examined, the PPP projects in 2013 stand out with an investment size of close to 22 billion dollars. The amount of investment in 2014 was 2 billion 440 million dollars and in 2015, it was 316 million dollars. On the other hand, when the distribution according to the models is examined, the build – operate – transfer model is in first place with a contract size of 72.4 billion dollars, while this is followed by the transfer of operating rights contracts at 29.1 billion dollars.