Murat Kurum, the Managing Director of Emlak Konut GYO (REIT), described the historic development process of Istanbul
Murat Kurum, described both the historic development of Istanbul and drew attention to the change in the last 30 years in the building areas in his presentation.
Kurum stated that one of the most important incidents in the historic development of Istanbul had been the opening of the Haydarpaşa – Izmit railway line, and said that the population of Istanbul, which had been 800.000 at that time, had begun to increase after this incident. Murat Kurum, who also said that the second oldest known metro in the world was the Karaköy Tunnel, continued as follows:
“With the opening of the Istanbul – Edirne railway line in 1888, the city continued growing towards Thrace, and the population reached 1 million. When slum housing began to be built in the 1950s, this was a turning point. The population of Istanbul reached 5.800.000 in 1985 together with it being given the status of a metropolis, and this brought about the need for a second bridge across the Bosphorus – leading to the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge being built in 1988.”
Kurum pointed out that construction around the bridges had increased after this date, and said that the population of Istanbul had surpassed 10 million in 2000.
Murat Kurum said that according to official figures, the population of Istanbul had surpassed 14 million as of 2014, and that there was now a need for mega transport projects. He stated that the opening of Marmaray and ongoing projects such as the 3rd Bosphorus bridge, the Eurasia tunnel and the 3rd Airport were shaping the future of Istanbul.
Murat Kurum, the Managing Director of Emlak Konut REIT, who also referred to the change in the built-up areas in the last 30 years, said that while the population of Istanbul had risen by 60% during this period, the increase in the built-up areas had been 171%, and that this area had reached almost 20% of the surface area of Istanbul.
Urban transformation needs to be realized within the framework of a master plan
Kurum stated that the transformation of approximately 5 million risky buildings had been speeded up through the regulations passed in recent years, and announced the new strategies which will contribute to this process:
According to this:
* Inventory studies with a scale of 1/25.000, aimed at the “use and management of land” are needed throughout the whole of the city.
* The data obtained in the inventory study needs to be managed in a database with the approach of a “geographical information system”.
* The “reserve areas”, which can be used for the purposes of urban transformation, should be determined within the framework of these analyses.
* “Master plans aimed at urban transformation” are needed as a result of the inventory studies.
* Urban transformation should be managed centrally, with “master plans aimed at urban transformation”.
Murat Kurum stated in conclusion, that urban transformation needs to be realized within the framework of a master plan, and said, “This will ensure that the increase in value arising alongside urban transformation will be distributed equally among all stakeholders, including the public sector, and that the transformation is achieved by protecting the historic fabric and heritage.”